European Standards (EN) & Albanian Law
A standard (French: norm, German: Norm) is a publication that provides rules, guidelines or characteristics for activities or their results, for common and repeated use. Standards are created by bringing together all interested parties including manufacturers, users, consumers and regulators of a particular material, product, process or service. Everyone benefits from standardization through increased product safety and quality as well as lower transaction costs and prices.
A European Standard (EN) is a standard that has been adopted by one of the three recognized European Standardization Organizations (ESOs): CEN, CENELEC or ETSI. It is produced by all interested parties through a transparent, open and consensus based process.
European Standards are a key component of the Single European Market. Although rather technical and often unknown to the public and media, they represent one of the most important issues for businesses. Often perceived as boring and not particularly relevant to some organizations, they are actually crucial in facilitating trade and hence have high visibility among manufacturers inside and outside Europe. A standard represents a model specification, a technical solution against which a market can trade. It codifies best practice and is usually state of the art.
In essence, European Standards relate to products, services or systems. Today, however, standards are no longer created solely for technical reasons but have also become platforms to enable greater social inclusiveness and engagement with technology, as well as convergence and interoperability within growing markets across industries.
After its publication, a European Standard must be given the status of national standard in all CEN member countries, which also have the obligation to withdraw any national standards that would conflict with it. This guarantees that a manufacturer has easier access to the market of all these European countries when applying European Standards and applies whether the manufacturer is based in the CEN territory or not.
European Standards are drafted in a global perspective. CEN has signed the 'Vienna Agreement' with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), through which European and international standards can be developed in parallel. About 30 % of the ENs in the CEN collection are identical to ISO standards. These EN ISO standards have the dual benefits of automatic and identical implementation in all CEN Member countries, and global applicability.
Albania is an affiliate member of the European Committee for Standardization. Affiliation with CEN is available to a National Standards Body, which is a member (or corresponding member) of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which represents or has the ambition to represent all parties concerned in an evolving market industry. They belong to an EU neighbouring country which has links with EU or EFTA in relation to technical scientific political and social conditions.
Drejtoria e Përgjithshme e Standardizimit (DPS) është Organi Kombëtar i Standardeve në Shqipëri, i krijuar rreth 62 vjet më parë. Ajo përfaqëson Republikën e Shqipërisë në organizatat Evropiane e Ndërkombëtare të standardizimit dhe interesat e të gjithë ekonomisë së vendit në hartimin dhe adoptimin e standardeve Evropiane e Ndërkombëtare si Standarde Shqiptare. Hartimi dhe adoptimi i standardeve konsiston në nevojat që kanë ndërmarrjet prodhuese dhe të shërbimit, pavarësisht nga forma dhe madhësia e tyre, bizneset, qeveria dhe konsumatorët për t’i siguruar atyre standarde të cilat plotësojnë nevojat e tyre për cilësi dhe aftësi konkuruese më të madhe.
In addition the Albanian Government has put in force the Law 237 N°10, dated 18.2.2010. This law has to define the measures aimed at ensuring the safety and health at work of employees.
The most important Security standards are:
1. Fire detection and fire alarm systems:
- EN 54 series - specifies requirements for all component parts of a fire alarm system (control panels, detectors, call points, visual alarm, wireless devices, accessories, cablings and interconnections, planning, design, installation, commissioning, use and maintenance.
- CEN/TS 54-14:2004 - Fire detection and fire alarm systems - Part 14: Guidelines for planning, design, installation, commissioning, use and maintenance
- CEN/TR 14568:2003 - EN 54 - Fire detection and fire alarm systems - Interpretation of specific clauses of EN 54-2:1997
- ISO 7240 series – Set of guidance and performance criteria for fire protection equipment use in fire detection and alarm systems installed in buildings.
- ISO 8421 series – Gives terms and definition relating to fire protection equipment.
- CEN/TS 14972:2011 – Gives minimum requirements and information on design, installation and testing systems on fixed firefighting systems (with references on EN 12094 – Components for gas extinguishing system, EN 12259 – Components for sprinkler and water spray systems, EN 12845:2004 + A2:2009 – Automatic sprinkler systems, EN 13501-1:2007 – Fire classification of construction products and building elements, EN 15004-1 – Gas extinguishing systems design, installation and maintenance, ISO 5560-1 – Heat release, smoke production and mass loss rate, ISO 6182-11 & ISO 6182-12 – Automatic sprinkler systems)
2. Alarm systems
- EN 50136 family – Alarm systems and alarm transmission systems and equipment including design, installation, commissioning operation, maintenance, tests and documentations.
- EN 50132 family - CCTV surveillance systems and equipment including design, installation, commissioning operation, maintenance, tests and documentations.
- EN 50131 family – Intrusion and hold-up systems application guidelines related to the design, installation, operation and maintenance.